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100句英语语法句子分析与学习(020)从句子中学习语法,从实践中学习语法

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100句英语语法句子分析与学习(020)举例句子来学习语法,从句子中学习语法,从实践中学习语法 1.Education is the door to freedom.教育是通向自由之门。 (一个简单的主系表。) 2.Challengesmake life interesting.挑战使生活变得有趣。 (make++adj:形容

100句英语语法句子分析与学习(020)举例句子来学习语法,从句子中学习语法,从实践中学习语法




1.    Education is the door to freedom. 教育是通向自由之门。
(一个简单的主系表。)
2.    Challenges make life interesting. 挑战使生活变得有趣。
(make+…+adj:形容词作宾语补足语。)
3.    Difficulties make life worth living. 困难让生活有价值。
(make+…+介词短语:介词短语作宾语补足语。)
4.    Nothing in the world can take the place of persistence. 世界上没有任何东西可以取代坚持。
(否定词做主语。Take the place of:代替)
5.    It’s impossible to defeat a person who never gives up! 打败一个永不放弃的人是不可能的。
(动词不定式做主语,“it”为形式主语。“who”引导的定语从句修饰先行语“a
person”。)
6.    The most important thing in life is to have a great aim and the determination to attain it. 生活中最重要的事情就是有一个远大的目标,并有决心实现它。(动词不定试作表语和定语。)
7.    If you can dream it , you can do it. 只要你想得到,你就做得到。
(“if”引导的条件状语从句。)
8.    Actions speak louder than words. 行动比语言更具有说服力。(副词比较级。)
9.    Deeds are more powerful than words. 行为比言语更强大。(形容词比较级。)
10.  Mistakes show us what we still need to learn. 从错误中我们知道该学什么。
(“what”引导的宾语从句作直接宾语。从句中动词不定式作宾语。)
11.  Difficult times show us who our true friends are. 艰难岁月让我们知道谁是真正的朋友。/患难见真情。(“who”引导的宾语从句作直接宾语。)
12.  It doesn’t cost anything to be nice. 做好人是不费吹灰之力的。(动词不定试作主语,“it”作形式主语。)
13.  Believe in what you can become. 相信自己的潜力。
(“what”引导的名词性从句作介词宾语。)
14.  Think and your mind will stay fresh. 思考能使大脑保持清醒。
(“祈使句+and+主句”结构,其中祈使句具有条件句的含义意为:(只要)…… 就……。)
15.  You win because you think you can. 你成功是因为你认为你有能成功。
(“because”引导的原因状语从句。)
16.  By helping others , you will feel good about yourself. 帮助别人,其乐无穷。
(介词“by”表示手段、途径,动名词作介绍宾语。)
17.  Lost time is never found again. 时间一去不复返。
(过去分词作定语。一般现在时被动语态。)
18.  Rome wasn’t built in a day. 罗马不是一天建成的。
(一般过去时被动语态。)
19.  Never put off until tomorrow what you can do today. 永远不要把今天做的事拖延到明天。
(否定形式祈使句。“what”引导的宾语从句作短语动词“put off”的宾语。)
20.  Remember to smile when you wake up. 记得在醒来的时候微笑。
(动词不定式作宾语。“when”引导时间状语从句。)
21.  Oversleeping will never make your dreams come true. 睡懒觉永远不能让你梦想成真。
(动名词作主语。不带“to”的动词不定式作宾补。)
22.  Praise twice as much as you criticize. 多表扬,少批评。
(比较级:倍数表示法。)
23.  The way to be happy is to make others happy.
 快乐的方式就是先让别人快
(动词不定式作定语和表语。形容词作“make”的宾补。)
24.  Life is too short to spend time worrying. 生命太短暂了,不要花在焦虑上。
(动词不定式否定结构:“too…to…”表示“太……以至于不能……”,其中动词不定式作结果状语.现在分词固定结构:spend time doing…)
25.  What pains us trains us. 使我们痛苦的东西在真正锻炼我们。
(“what”引导主语从句。)
26.  What doesn’t kill us makes us stronger. 没有要我们命的事情让我们更强大。
(“what”引导主语从句。)
27.  What hurts us the most teaches us the best. 伤害我们最深的对我们教育最深。
(“what”引导主语从句。副词最高级的运用)
28.  The dictionary is the only place where success comes before work. 只有在字典中,成功才会出现在工作之前。
(“where”引导定语从句。)
29.  To be a great leader , you must have great hopes! 要想成为伟大的领导者,就必须有伟大的抱负。(动词不定式作目的状语。)
30.  He who is ashamed of asking is ashamed of learning. 耻于问者耻于学。
(“who”引导定语从句。动名词作介词宾语。)
31.  He who fails to plan , plans to fail. 不计划的人是注定要失败的。
(“who”引导主语从句修饰主语。动词不定试作动词宾语。)
32.  He who makes no mistakes makes nothing. 不犯错误的人将一事无成。 (“who”引导主语从句修饰主语。双重否定。)
33.  Imagination is more important than knowledge. 想像力比知识更重要。(形容词比较级。)
34.  The hotter the fire , the harder the steel . 火烧得越旺,(锻造出来的)钢铁就越坚硬。
(形容词比较级结构:the+比较级,the+比较级(越……,就越……))
35.  Do not let what you cannot do interfere with what you can do. 决不要让你不能做的事妨碍你能做的事。
(“what”引导的宾语从句作“动词宾语”。不带“to”动词不定式“let”的宾补。)
36.  It’s how you deal with failure that determines how you achieve success. 你如何对待失败注定了你如何取行成功。
(强调结构:强调“how”引导的主语从句。后一个“how”引导宾语从句。)
37.  Help others achieve their dreams and you will achieve yours. 帮助他人实现他们的梦想,而你也将因此实现你自己的梦想。
(不带“to” 的动词不定式作“help”的宾补。“祈使句+ and+主句”结构,祈使句带条件句的含义,意为:(只要)……就……。)
38.  The achievement of your goal is assured the moment you commit yourself to it. 一旦你全心投入,你目标的实现就得到了保证。
( 一般现在时被动语态。“the moment”引导时间状语从句。意思是“一…… 就……”)
39.  You become a winner the moment you believe you can win. 当你相信自己能赢的时候,你就成为了胜利者。
(“the moment”引导时间状语从句,意思是“一……就……”。状语从句中套宾语从句,作“believe”的宾语。)
40.  Time and energy spent worrying are wasted. 担忧烦恼,浪费时间,也是浪费精力。
(过去分词作定语。一般现在时被动语态。)
41.  The best way to predict the future is to create it. 未来预测未来的最佳方案就是创造。(动词不定式作定语和表语。)
42.  Your brain needs exercise to stay fit , just like your body. 大脑需要锻炼才能保持健康,就像你的身体一样。(动词不定式作目的状语。)
43.  Our greatest weakness lies in giving up, the most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time. 我们最大的弱点就是在于放弃。成功最有把握的方法就是尽力再试一次。(动名词作介词宾语。动词不定式作定语和表语。)
44.  Putting off an easy thing makes it hard. putting off a hard thing makes it impossible. 简单的事情因为拖延而变得困难;困难的事情因为拖延而变得不可能(完成)。(动名词作主语。“make+…+形容词(作补语)”结构。)
45.  The good luck many great men ever had was being born with the ability to overcome bad luck. 对于许多伟大的人来说,他们惟一的幸运之处就是他们具有征服厄运的天赋。(省略关系代词的定语从句。过去进行时被动语态。动词不定式作定语。)
46.  The greatest discovery of our generation is that a human being can alter his life by altering his attitudes.
我们这一代最大的发现就是:人类可以通过改变态度来改变自己的生活。(“that” 引导表语从句。动名词作介词宾语。)       
47.  It is not what happens to you; it is what you do with what happens to you. 重要不是在你身上发生了什么,而是应变时你所做的事情。
(“what”引导表语从句。最后一个“what”引导宾语从句,作介词宾语。)
48.  It is not what other people think of you ,it is what you think of yourself that counts. 重要的不是别人如何看待你,而是你如何看待你自己。
(强调句型“It is…that…”,强调“what”引导的主语从句。)
49.  As long as you are dreaming、 believing、and doing、you can go anywhere and achieve anything. 你要你有梦想、有信念、有行动,你就可以无往不利,无所不胜。
(“as long as”引导条件状语从句。)
50.  Whatever you do, do it whole-heartedly. 无论你做什么,都要全心全意地做。
(“whatever”引导的让步关语从句。构词法:“形容词+名词+-ed+-ly”构成的合成副词。)
51.  Success is how high you bounce when you hit bottom. 成功是坠落到底反弹的高度。
(“how”引导表语从句。从句中“when”引导时间状语从句。)
52.  Success is measured not by how much money you have made, but by how many people you have helped. 衡量成功的标准不是看你赚了多少钱,而是看你帮了多少人。(一般现在时被动语态。“how” 引导宾语从句,作介词宾语。“but”连接两个宾语从句表示转折。)
53.  Great works are performed not by strength,but by perseverance. 完成伟大的事业不在于体力,而在于坚忍不拔的毅力。(一般现在时被动语态。“but”连接两个介词短语表示转折。)
54.  Man is not judged by his words ,but by his deeds. 评判一个不是看他的言语,而是看他的行动。
(一般现在时被动语态。“but”连接两个介词短语表示转折。)
55.  No one can humiliate or disturb us unless we let him. 没有任何人能侮辱我们、困扰我们、除非我们自己允许。
(“unless”引导条件状语从句。省略句:“let him”后省略“humiliate or disturb us”。)
56.  No one can make you feel inferior without your consent. 没有你的同意,没有人能让你自卑。 (这是主、谓、宾、补结构。)
57.  To reach your goals, work hard、participate、 practice、 and do the
best you can.要达成你的目标,你就必须苦干、参与、操练以及尽你所能做到最好。
( 动词不定式作目的状语。定语从句修饰先行词“the best”。)
58.  Genius is the ability to put into effect what is in your mind. 天才就是将心中所想付诸实行的能力。
(动词不定式作定语。“what”引导宾语从句。)
59.  Life doesn’t require that we be the best, only that we try our best. 生活并不是要求我们是最好的,只要求我们做到最好。
(“that”引导宾语从句。“require”后所接宾语从句中动词须用虚拟语气: “should”+动词原形。)
60.  Success is not measured by the position you reach in life; it’s measured by the obstacles you overcome. 成功公式中最要的一个因素就是知道如何与人相处。
(动名词复合结构作表语。“how+动词不定式“结构作动名词宾语。get along with:与人(融洽)相处。)
61.  Success is not measured by the position you reach in life; it’s measured by the obstacles you overcome. 成功不是用你一生取得的地来衡量的,而是看你克服了多少障碍。 (动词一般现在时被动语态。定语从句修饰句中的介词宾语。)
62.  It is in your moments of decision that your destiny is shaped. 人生就注定于你做决定的那一刻。
(强调句型:It is…that…。动词一般现在时被动语态。)
63.  The surest way not to fail is to determine to succeed. 不致失败的最可靠的方法是决心成功。 (动词不定式作定语、表语和宾语)
64.  What would life be if we had no courage to attempt anything.
如果我们对任何事情都没有勇气尝试,人生还有什么意义?(虚拟语气条件句。动词不定式作定语。)
65.  The world belongs to the energetic. 世界属于充满活力的人。
(“the+形容词”表示一类人。)
66.  Early to bed and early to rise keeps a man healthy、wealthy and wise. 早睡早起让人健康、富足和智慧。
(两个动词不定式并列作定语。形容词作“keep”的宾补。“keep+…adj”表示 “使……保持……”。)
67.  The human will can be strengthened like a muscle. 人类的意志可以像肌肉一样被增强。
(情态动词的被动语态。“like”作介词引导介词短语。)
68.  Only a fool criticizes what he does not understand. 只有傻瓜才会批评他不懂的事。
(“only”修饰主语。“what”引导宾语从句.)
69.  Success grows out of the struggle to overcome difficulties. 成功来自于克服困难的斗争。 (动词不定式作定语。)
70.  Each day,take at least one step toward your goal. The step doesn’t have to be big, moving forward even a small amount is progress.
每天至少向你的目标迈进一步。这一步不一定要很大,哪怕是向前一点,都是进步。
(副词短语“at least”修饰动词宾语。动名词短语作主语。)
71.  Remind yourself to laugh and smile. You can always make room for happiness. 提醒自己大笑、微笑。你总可以找到欢乐。 (动词不定式作宾补,复合结构“remind sb to do…”:提醒某人做……。make room for:为……腾出空位。)
72.  Everyone is important. Anyone can change the world .No one should  underestimate his power.
人人都是重要的。任何人都可以改变世界。没有人会低估他自己的力量!
(不定代词“everyone”和“anyone”的用法。)
73.  You don’t need an invitation to help others. Help before you are asked.
帮助别人是不需要邀请的。在别人开口之前就伸出援助之手吧!
(动词不定式作定语。“before”引导时间状语从句。一般现在时被动语态。)
74.  Push yourself to do more than others believe you can do. Then, encourage others to push themselves just as hard.
逼自己做也超越别人期望的事。然后,帮助别人也一样努力去逼迫自己前进。(动词不定式作宾语。“than”引导比较状语从句。)
75.  The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams. 未来属于那些相信自己梦想的人。
(“who”引导定语从句。belong to:属于。)
76.  Harsh advice is the most instructive. 忠言逆耳利于行。
(形容词最高级。)
77.  Don’t wait for the world to change .Change it yourself .
不要等世办改变,去改变世界吧!
(带逻辑主语语的动词不定式作动词宾语。)
78.  The only true failure is the failure to try. 惟一真正的失败是没有去尝试。(动词不定式作定语)
79.  Nothing great was ever achieved without enthusiasm. 无热情无以成伟业。
(句子结构双重否定。不定代词加形容词需后置。一般过去时被动语态。)
80.  There is no challenge more challenging than improving yourself. 没什么挑战比提高自我更有挑战性。
(现在分词短语作定语。动名词作介语“than”的宾语.)
81.  Confidence is contagious. So is lack of confidence. 自信是具有感染力的。不自信也一样。 (倒装句。由“so”引起的表示前面所说情况也适用于另一人或物时,句子部分倒装。)
82.  Confidence is half of victory. 自信就是成功的一半。(主、系、表结构)
83.  Attitude is just as importhant as ability. 态度和能力一样重要。(同级比较。)
84.  You’re unique with special gifts; use them.
你是独一无二的,你有独特的才能。发挥它他吧!(分号连接两个等立的分句。)
85.  We’re all capable if we have faith and passion. 只要我们有信仰、有激情,我们就都是有能力的。(“If”引导条件状语从句。)
86.  Diligence is the mother of good luck. 勤奋是好运这母。 (暗喻的运用。)
87.  If you’re doing your best, you will not have to worry about failure. 如果你尽力而为,你就不必担忧失败。(条件状语从句。)
88.  Those who ture back never reach the summit. 中途折返的人永远都达到不了顶峰。(“who”引导定语从句修饰主语。)
89.  A winner never stops trying. 成功者永不停止尝试。 (动名词作宾语。)
90.  The first and best victory it to conquer yourself. 最重要的胜利是战胜自己。(动词不定式作表语。)
91.  Take chances, make mistakes. That’s how you grow.
去冒险,去犯错误!你就是这样成长起来的!
(“how”引导表语从句。)
92.  True strength flows from a healthy body and mind working in harmony. 真正的力量来自于健康身体和健康大脑的合作无间。 (现在分词作定语。)
93.  Failure is the sauce that gives success its flavor. 失败是成功的调味品。
(“that”引导定语从句。暗喻的运用。)
94.Failure teaches you more than success. 失败的价值大于成功。/从失败中,我们学到更多。 (副词比较级。)
95.  Make full use of whatever happens to you . There is something to learn from every experience.
充分利用发生在你身上的任何事情。任何的经历都有值得学习的地方。(whatever 引导宾语从句作介语宾语。动词不定式作定语。make full use of:充分利用。)
96.  Goodness is the only investment that never fails. 善良是惟一不会失败的投资。
(定语从句。先行词中有“only”,关系代词只能用“that”而不能用
“which”。)
97.  Life is a struggle that must be accepted. Accepting the struggle happily or miserably is up to us to decide. 生活是你必须接受的斗争。快乐地接受还是悲惨地接受就要由你决定了。(首先是一个定语从句,然后是动名词短语作主语。)
98.  If you cannot be an excellent loser, you’ll never succeed.
如果你不能成为一个优秀的失败者,你就永远不能成功!(条件状语从句。)
99.No matter how hard you try or how much time you spend worrying ,some things just cannot be changed. Accept them and move on1!
不管你多么努力地尝试,不管你花多少时间担忧,总有些事是无法改变的。接受它们,继续前行吧!
(这是一个典型的“让步状语从句”!由“no matter how”引导。)
100.Continuous efforts–not strength or intelligence–is the key to unlocking our potential. 释放潜能的关键不是力量,也不是智慧,而是不断的努力。(动名词作介词宾语。)



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